One of the most serious and dangerous medical conditions that can result from a vehicle or other accident is a traumatic brain injury. A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, can be caused by a severe or sudden blow to the head. The blow can cause bruising and bleeding that can create life-threatening complications. Immediate treatment is essential for a successful outcome for TBI patients.

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury
Any major hit to the head could cause serious harm so it is important to seek medical diagnosis and treatment immediately. Sometimes the person will experience a period of unconsciousness, but not always. The patient may experience a sudden painful headache and may feel dizzy or lightheaded (associated with TBI). In infants or small children, the symptoms may include uncontrollable crying and reduced nursing or eating.

Treatment for TBI
Traumatic brain injuries are typically categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. The degree of damage depends on many factors including the force of the impact and the amount of bleeding and swelling that occurs. Bleeding and swelling can cause nearby brain cells to be damaged due to lack of oxygen. The treatment depends on the severity of the injury. In severe cases, surgery is necessary to relieve pressure on the brain caused by swelling. This will help to reduce the damage done by lack of oxygen. Sometimes the doctors will place the patient in a medical coma to limit the body’s functions while the brain heals.

Permanent Injuries to the Brain
When the damage to the brain is moderate to severe there is an increased risk of permanent injury. The patient may go into a coma or may go into a prolonged vegetative state. Often, it may take days, weeks, or longer to determine whether the patient will ever recover. At this point, the extent of the injuries may be evaluated and the damages assessed. The patient may begin to recover or may never fully regain brain function.

Recovery from TBI
The outcome for TBI patients is quite variable. Younger patients are more likely to recover than older individuals. The patient may suffer complications as a result of the TBI. These may include paralysis or other nerve damage, infections, seizures, and memory loss. Extensive medical and physical rehabilitation is necessary. If the patient is in a prolonged coma they will require round-the-clock care for an indefinite period of time. Medical care and treatments are quite expensive. The family of the victim should seek compensation to cover these expenses as well as money for punitive damages.

Seek Legal Help
If your loved one suffered a serious brain injury as the result of a vehicle accident you will want to seek legal help. An experienced personal injury attorney will review your case and determine the best way to proceed. A legal claim may be needed to get the payment from the person responsible for the accident. Many claims are resolved through negotiation while others go on to court.

If you or a family member were the victim of a TBI caused by an accident, contact the skilled legal professionals at the Law Office of Patrick G. Shea to discuss your case.


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